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KILMARNOCK with the villages of Riccarton and Kilmaurs

      Ayrshire Directory - 1837 - by Pigot & Co   

KILMARNOCK is a large and important manufacturing town, in the parish of its name, and in the District of Cunningham; 65 miles sw of Edinburgh through Glasgow, from the latter city 21 ssw, 12 n from Ayr, and between 6 and 7 e from Irvine; situate on level ground, near the confluence of the Kilmarnock water with the Irvine. Two centuries ago, this now thriving and populous town was a mere hamlet, dependent upon the baronial castle in its neighbourhood.  The advantages of the place, as a site for manufactures, were the presence of coal, healthiness of situation, a populous country around, and abundance of provisions: for many years and generations, however, it seems to have been distinguished only for the production of broad flat bonnets, so long the characteristic wear of the Scottish lowland peasantry, as also the striped cowls which yet bear the name of the town. As this business increased, the population augmented; and in the year 1731 the number had swelled so much, that the parish was found inadequate for its accommodation, and a new one was erected.  Subsequently, and for a considerable period, the staple manufacture was that of carpets, and in this branch it yet stands pre-eminant: in 1832 the ascertained product of this article amounted to 150,000; it is made of every possible kind and texture, from the plainest to the richest colour and fabrick; a few years since the Brussels carpet was successfully imitated; and lately a variety, termed the "three-plie", of extreme beauty and durability, has been introduced.  An extensive trade is carried on in the manufacture of shoes for exportation - likewise that of leather, for the tanning and dressing of which there are several highly respectable and large establishments.  There are four very extensive nursery-grounds, two breweries, and the like number of rope-walks; iron-founding and machine making are important branches, and there are numerous well-furnished and handsome shops, in the various occupations usually found in large and populous towns.  One particular description of productive industry and skill seems, however, of late years, to have outstripped all those before mentioned - namely, the making and printing of shawls: for, in the year 1832, the amazing number of 1,128,814 of this denomination of garment issued from the manufactories of this place, amounting in value to upwards of 200,000; and the demand since that year has greatly increased.  The trade and commerce of Kilmarnock are assisted by branches of the "Ayr Bank", of the "Ayrshire Banking Company" and the "Commercial Bank of Scotland".  About half a mile north-west of the town is an extensive coal-field, from which fuel is obtained for the works of Kilmarnock, beside large supplies transmitted continually by railway to Troon, where they are shipped for various places.  There are five incorporated trades, namely, the bonnet-makers, skinners, tailors, shoe-makers and weavers; the first named is the most ancient - it was incorporated in 1646. The aspect of the town is agreeable, especially in its central part, where the streets are regularly laid out, and the greater portion of the houses are of freestone; it has of late considerably extended to the south and east, and in these directions has now many elegant edifaces.  The improvements of Kilmarnock are under trustees, nominated by act of parliament in 1802; these are the provost and magistrates for the time being, his Grace the Duke of Portland, and several gentlemen also interested in improving the town; this trust is expected soon to be wound up.  The town-house, built in 1805, contains a court-room for the magistracy, and public offices, besides a prison for criminals.  In 1814 a superb and commodious news-room was erected in the centre of the town, serving the double purpose of a reading-room and a place of general resort.  The gas-works were constructed in 1823, at an expense of from 5,000 to 6,000, defrayed by means of shares of 10 each, which, to the credit of the inhabitants, were taken up in the course of a few weeks; the works are under the management of twelve gentlemen, and a sub-committee of four.  Kilmarnock possesses an excellent academy, in which various branches of education are taught by able masters; there are, besides, several private seminaries of a high character, and many schools that impart instruction to children of the poorer classes.  The institutions likewise comprise some well- conducted societies, amongst which are the procurators' and the merchants', a philosophical institution, an excellent subscription library, with numerous benefit clubs and associations.  A very fine observatory, with valuable machinery and telescopes of a superior description, has been constructed by the inventive genius of Mr Thomas Morton, of this town, a self-instructed mechanist, who also originated many important improvements in the process of carpet-weaving.  The civil government is vested in the Provost, four bailies and eleven councillors; the magistrates preside in their civil and criminal courts by turns, and the justices sit once a fortnight in what is called the small debts court.  The town joins with Dumbarton, Port Glasgow, Renfrew, and Rutherglen, in returning one member to parliament. Kilmarnock consists of two parishes - the High and the Low - each containing an established church.  In the latter parish there has been lately erected, in addition, a large and handsome ediface, connected with the establishment, possessing accommodations for 1700 persons; the style of architecture is that which prevailed in England during the latter part of the fourteenth centuary; it is ornamented with an admirable Gothic tower, and cost 5,000; Messrs Howie and Brown, of this town, were the builders.  Near to the church, in King-street, is a very neatly-designed relief church, of recent erection, with an elegant spire; there are likewise two burgher chapels, one Cameronian, and one independent, with several other places of worship for different sects.  The most remarkable object in this vicinity is the ruin of Dean castle - an ancient, extensive, and well defended mansion, formerly the property of the Earls of Kilmarnock; it stands in a "dean", or hollow, less than a mile north from the town; it was burnt down in 1735, from the carelessness of a servant girl, who in preparing some lint for spinning heedlessly let it catch fire.  Kilmarnock house, another edifaceonce belonging to, and the last residence of, that noble family, is also in the parish: from this house proceeded the last unfortunate earl, in 1745, to join the standard of rebellion, which cost him his head.  The Duchess of Portland and the Marchioness of Hastings (Countess of London) are the principal proprietors of this conjoined parish.  The markets, which are held on Tuesday and Friday, are abundantly supplied with every necessary article of domestic consumption; a market for grain has also been established of late years, and promises to become of considerable utility.  The fairs are held in February ("Fastens-even"), first Tuesday in May, third Wednesday in July (commonly called "the gooseberry fair"), and the third Wednesday in October - the last three are old style.

The parish of RICCARTON is in the district of Kyle, lying on the left or south bank of the Irvine river, which separates it from Kilmarnock.  The village stands on an eminence, a mile to the south of that town, on the right bank; but almost connected with Kilmarnock by a long street.  The parish extends about six miles in length, by between two and three in breadth.  The village is remarkable for having been the residence of the venerable Sir Ronald Crawford, the maternal uncle of Wallace, with whom, it is said, the hero sometimes sojourned; and it was to Riccarton that he generally retired after performing any of his daring exploits, before he openly unfurled his country's banner.  On revenging the treacherous murder of his uncle and other chieftains, by burning the barns of Ayr, he took his way by night to this village, accompanied by a few followers; when he reached a certain eminence, about six miles from Ayr, he turned round, and, seeing the flames still ascending, exclaimed with stern exultation, "the barns burn well!"  From this laconic expression (tradition adds) the spot obtained the name of "Burn-well", which it still retains.  The church at Riccarton is a modern structure, having been erected in 1823; it has a fine steeple, and from its elevated position has an ornamental effect upon the country all around.  A new bridge across the Irvine is now in progress, which will materially improve the approach from Ayr road to Kilmarnock.  A considerable quantity of coal is raised in this parish; the Duke of Portland is the principal landed proprietor.

KILMAURS, a small town, a burgh of Barony, and capital of the parish of its name, in the district of Cunningham, two miles from Kilmarnock, is situate on the right bank of a rivulet, called Kilmaur's water, or "Carmel water", it was erected into a burgh of barony by James V , at the insistance of Cuthbert, Earl of Glencairn, and his son, Lord Kilmaurs.  The government of the town invested in two bailies (chosen annually by the portioners), before whom debts may be recovered.  Kilmaurs is composed principally of one street, in the middle of which is a small town house with a steeple and clock.  Formerly this place was somewhat noted for the manufacture of clasp knives , or "whittles" - the sharpness of the edge of which instruments gave rise in Ayrshire to a jocular expression of comparison : a man of acute understanding, and quickness of action, is said to be "as sharp as a Kilmaurs whittle".  The most prominent trades now are those of shoemaking and weaving, for the Glasgow and Paisley markets.  Coals are mined in the parish, the surface of which consists of large level fields, intersperced with gentle declivities and elevations; the summits of the latter are well wooded, and the whole district has a pleasing appearance.  There is an old pile of building near to the church, seemingly of very ancient origin;  but with respect to its founder, or the date or object of its erection, even tradition itself is silent.  In the cemetery of the Glencairn family, adjacent to the church, is a piece of beautiful sculpture, a specimen of the taste and execution of former times, erected as a monument to the memory of the chancellor, William, the ninth earl.  The market, which was for many years held on the Friday, has fallen into disuse; but fairs are held on the 11th of June, 11th of November, and the first Wednesday in August - all old style.

Post Office, King street, William Rankin, Post master.  Letters from London arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are dispatched every night at half past eleven - Letters from Edinburgh and Glasgow arrive every morning at five and evening at half past seven, and are dispatched every evening at seven and night at half past eleven - the Irish mail, with letters for Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Ballantrae, and Stranraer, are dispatched every evening at half past seven, and arrive every night at half past eleven - Letters from Ayr arrive every evening at seven, and are dispatched every morning at five - Letters from Irvine, Saltcoats and Troon arrive every evening at half past six, and are dispatched every morning at five - Letters from Cumnock and Mauchline arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are dispatched every morning at five - Letters from Stewarton arrive every evening at half past six, and are dispatched every morning at five. James Dickie, Post master - Letters from Kilmarnock arrive every morning at six, and are dispatched every  evening at half-past five.  

GENTRY AND CLERGY

Aitken, Mrs.,  Kilmaurs Road/ Allan, Mr James, Braehead/ Andrew, John, esq.,of Gillsturn/ Brown, Rev. Adam, Mill lane/ Campbell, George James, esq., Treesbank/ Campbell, Rev. Peter, Wellington st/ Carswell, Mrs Fanny, Wallace bank/ Clark, Lieut. Col. H., Shaw hill/ Clark, the Misses, Elm bank/ Crawford, Colonel, of New field/ Crawford, William H. esq., of Crawsford Land castle/ Cunningham, Chas., esq, of Thornton/ Cunningham, Gilbert, esq., of Carmel bank/ Cunningham, John Smith, esq., of Caprington castle/ Dunlop, James, esq., Annan hill/ Dykes, Mrs Jane, Braehead/ Fairlie, James, esq., Holms/ Fairlie, Mrs of William field/ Finnie, William, esq., Titchfield st/ Gilchrist, John, esq., of Plan/ Greenshields, Miss Isabel, Spring bank/ Greenshields, Thomas, esq., Bellevue/ Guthrie, Alexander, esq., of Mount/ Guthrie, John, esq.,Holms/ Hamilton, Rev. Andrew, Bank st/ Hamilton, Wm., esq., Braehead house/ Kelso, Colonel, of Dankeith/ Kirk, Miss Elizabeth, Braehead/ Lawson, Rev.George, Wellington st/ McDougall, Rev. William, 99 King st/ Mackinlay, Rev. Dr. James, Manse/ Mitchell, Moncrieff, esq., Tower hill/ Moody, Rev. John, Riccarton manse/ Morris, Mrs Colonel, Wellington st/ Morris, Miss of Craig/ Parker, John, esq., Asloss/ Parker, the Misses, 100 King st/ Paterson, Martin, esq., Belfield/ Pedden, Mrs Ann, Braehead/ Porteous, Mrs Margaret, Braehead/ Rankin, William, esq., Fairlie house/ Robertson, Rev. David, Kilmaurs/ Roxburg, Rev. Jno, Kilmaurs manse/ Smith, Lieut. James, Kilmaurs house/ Smith, Mr Robert, Mill lane/ Smith, William, esq., Hillhouse cottage/ Spiers, Mrs Janet, 48 Titchfield st/ Stevenson, Rev. Jas. Brougham place/ Strong, Rev. David, Kilmaurs road/ Thomson, Rev. Peter, 108 King st/ Wallace, Mrs Ferrier, of Cairn hill/ Ward, Rev. John, Mill lane/ Wilson, Rev. David, Cla\erk lane/ Woodburn, Mrs,  Ward end

      ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS

Academy, Green street:- Writing, Arithmetic, & Bookkeeping - William Henderson - English Grammer - Andrew Weir - Latin, Greek & English Composition - Alexander Harkness - Mathematics - Francis Nelson Black, Archobald, Kilmaurs/ Cameron, John, Kilmaurs/ Campbell Sisters, Portland st/ Craig, James, 107 King st/ Cuthbertson, John, East George st/ Kemp, Samuel, Queen st/ McClelland, Alexander, Clark st/ Osborne, William, Clark st/ Parochial Kilmaurs - Thos. Hamilton, master/ Smith, Mary, (ladies boarding), Kilmarnock house

      AGENTS - MISCELLANEOUS (see also Fire, &c, Office agents)

Guthrie, Alexander (coal), Mount/ McCrossan, John (weaving utensils), 51 Portland st/ Newbigging, John (coal), Clark st/ Stevenson, Humphrey (worsted yarn), Queen street/ Wilson, James (law), 23 King st

      AGENTS TO MANUFACTURERS

Brown, Francis, Kilmaurs/ Bunten, John, 44 Titchfiels st/ Gibson, William, 55 Titchfield st/ Oliphant, William, Kilmaurs/ Oliver, Andrew, Market lane/ Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs/ Shearer, Robert, Titchfield st/ Smith, James, 52 High st/ Wallace, Matthew, 37 Titchfield st/ Wallace, William, 67 Robertson pl/ Wilson, Wm. & Son, 63 Robertson pl

      AUCTIONEERS

Brown, John, 93 King st/ Wilson, James, 23 King st

      BAKERS AND FLOUR DEALERS

Alexander, David, 43 King st/ Alexander, John, 61 King st/ Arbuckle, John, Titchfield st/ Dinning, Andrew (& spirit dealer), 51 King st/ Higgins, James, 90 King st/ Kennedy, John, 42 High Glencairn/ Law, John, 6 Waterloo st/ Logan, John, Kilmaurs/ MacFee, John, 8 Fore st/ McIntyre, David, Fore st/ Miller, William, 5 Cheapside/ Osborne, George, 4 Bank st/ Rankin, Robert, 25 Regent st/ Smith, David, Market lane/ Thomson, Joseph, 22 King st/ Towers, William, 15 Portland st/ Young, Alexander, 70 Portland st/ Young, Robert, Portland st/ Young, William, 71 King st

      BANKERS

Ayr Bank (branch of) Hunters' & Co. Bank st - (draw on Sir Wm. Forbes & Co., Edinburgh and Herries, Farquhar & Co. London) - Charles D Gardner, agent Ayrshire Banking Company (Branch of) Portland st - (draw on Royal Bank, Edinburgh, and Williams, Deacon & Co. London), - James Urie, agent Commercial Bank of Scotland (Branch of) 50 King st  - (draws on the Commercial Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, and Jones, Loyd, and Co. London) - Alexander John Bruce, agent Savings Bank, Bank st - (open on Monday from nine to ten) - Thomas Greenshields, president; Wm. Bunten, treasurer; James Anderson, secretary

      BLACKSMITHS

King, Alexander, Kilmaurs/ Law, Andrew, Regent st/ London, John, Kilmaurs/ McCrath, John, Croft st/ McIlwraith, James (farrier), Mill lane/ McIlwraith, James jnr (and farrier), George st/ Murphy, Peter, Croft st/ Paton, William, Strand st/ Williamson, John, Riccarton

      BLEACHERS

Andrews, James, Townholm/ Craig, David, Townholm

      BONNET & WOOLLEN CAP MANUFACTURERS

Armour, John, High st/ Boyd, James, Menford lane/ Boyd, William, Fulton's lane/ Gremmell, James, Kilmaurs road/ Laughland, John, 43 High st/ McLean, David, Nelson st/ Raeburn, John & Son, High st/ Weir, John, 31 Boyd st

      BOOKSELLERS, BINDERS AND STATIONERS

Crawford, Hugh & Son, 2 King st/ Davie, John, 33 Bank st/ Mathie, James, 1 King st/ Nelson, Robert, 18 King st

      BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS (Marked thus * are Wholesale)

Aitken, Hugh, 20 Cheapside/ Arbuckle, Robert, Clark st/ Beckett, John, New st/ * Clark, Thos & James, 25 Portland st/ Crom, David, 106 King st/ Cuthbertson, George, Kilmaurs/ Fulton, George, 25 Titchfield st/ Gait, James, Croft st/ Gait, James, Strand st/ Gilmer, Robert,  George st/ Hunter, William, 73 King st/ Kerr, Thomas, 26 Bank st/ * Kirkhop, George, 89 King st/ Lewis, Robert, 2 Bank st/ Logan, William, Fore st/ * Loudon, George, Cross/ Loudon, , Strand st/ Lymburn, John, 30 Portland st/ * Mc Federis, David & Thos, Mill lane/ McLintock, John, 201 Portland st/ McMaster, William, Nelson st/ McMichael, James, Low Glencairn st/ Marshall, John, 118 King st/ Montgomerie, Archibald, Kilmaurs/ Montgomerie, , Kilmaurs/ Montgomerie, William, Kilmaurs/ Nicol, Edward, Mill lane/ Smith, John, Kilmaurs/ * Smith, Robert, 19 & 48 Portland st/ Spiers, James, Fore st/ Steel, John, Kilmaurs/ Stevenson, John, Morton place/ * Stevenson, Thos, 22 Titchfield st/ * Strang, Allan, 13 Portland st/ * Strang, Matthew, Portland st/ Wallace, John, 56 Portland st/ Wallace, Robert, Croft st/ Weir, James, 14 Waterton st/ Wilkinson, Merrion, 24 Bank st/ Wood, Francis, 36 King st/ Wyly, , Fore st

      BRAZIERS AND TINMEN

Bicket, John (& brass founder and coppersmith), 53 King st/ Boyd, Thomas & John, 1 Waterloo st/ Lawson, John (& coppersmith) 33 & 37 Portland st/ Reid, John, 11 Waterloo st

      BREWERS

Paxton, George, Richard land/ Thomson, John, Grange st

      BUILDERS

Howie & Brown, Bridge lane/ Johnstone, Robert ( and architect), Langland st

      CABINET MAKERS (Marked thus * are also upholsterers)

Alexander, John, 8 Waterloo st/ Dickie, David, 91 King st/ Hood, James & John, 100 Portland st Hunter, John, Portland st/ Love, John, Robertson place/ * Riley, James & Co, 32 King st/ * Smith, Robert, Portland st/ * Wilson, James, 39 Portland st

      CARPENTERS AND JOINERS

Aitken, Andrew, Glencairn square/ Gemmell, James & Sons, Back st/  Goudie, George, Riccarton/ Gulliland, Wm., 52 Titchfield st/ Hutchison, Hugh, George st/ Johnston, William, Langland st/ Johnstone, Robert, Langland st/ Millar, Robert, Kilmaurs/ Paterson, Andrew, Titchfield st/ Wyllie, William, Bank st

      CARPET MANUFACTURERS

Brown, William and Sons, Grange st/ Cuthbertson, Sawers, Taylor, and Company, Bank st/ Gregory, Thomsons & Co, Green st/ Taeburn, John jnr, High st/ Wilson, Hugh, Grange st/ Wyllie, William, Welbeck st

      CARTWRIGHTS

Boyd, Duncan, Riccarton/ Brown, Matthew, High st/ Brown, William, Croft st/ McMillan, George, Kilmaurs/ Morton, William, Croft st/ Murray, Thomas, Nelson st

      CLOTHES, &c DEALERS

Hay, Charles, David's lane, Green st/ Keenan, Ann, Fore st/ Reid, Peter, Fore st/ Weir, Ann, Fore st

      CONFECTIONERS

Becket, Hugh, 28 King st/ Gilmour, John, 64 Portland st/ Karnagham, John, Regent st, Cross/  Macdougall, David, 58 King st/ Murray, John, 33 Nelson st/ Roxburgh, Hugh, 4 Waterloo st

      COOPERS

Armour & Co, Portland st/ Clark, Jane, Regent st/ Hopkin, James, Back lane/ McCrae, William Ronald, Low Glencairn st/ Sandilands, William, 10 Bank st

      CURRIERS

Bishop, Robert, Town head/ Campbell, John, Church lane, Soulls st/ Clark, James, Menford lane/ Crooks, Robert, Lade side/ Nisbet, Thomas, 23 Regent st

      DISTILLERS

Mill, James & John, Old Rome

      DRUGGISTS

Rankin, William, 7 King st/ Smith, James, 16 Cheapside/ Smith, James Taylor, 41 King st/ Walker & Young, 62 King st

      DRYSALTERS

Reyburn, Robert, Titchfield st

      DYERS

Alexander, William, Titchfield st/ Houston, William, 27 Soulis st/ Hutchison, Hugh, Green st/ Jameison, William, 25 High st

      ENGINEERS

Morton, Thomas (and manufacturer of reflecting telescopes), Morton place Stevenson, Humphrey, East George st

      ENGRAVERS

Bicket, John, 53 King st/ Duncan, William & Daniel (& copperplate printers), 44 Portland st

      FIRE, &c. OFFICE AGENTS

British Commercial, James Murdock, 29 Portland st Caledonian, Thomas Borland, 83 King st Edinburgh Life Assurance Co, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st Hercules, Wm. Anderson, Dunlop st London Union, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st Manchester Assurance Co, John Sturrock, 47 Portland st North British, Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall Norwich Union, David Ramsay Andrews, Portland st Sun, John Torrance, 44 Portland st West of Scotland, David & Chas Rankin, King st

      FLESHERS

Alexander, John, Glencairn st/ Arbuckle, James & Co, Flesh markets/ Cunningham, Alex., Titchfield st/ Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs/ Dick, John & William, 31 King st/ Hillhouse, James, Flesh market/ Hillhouse, William, Regent st, Cross/ Hillhouse, Wm & Co, Flesh market/ Neairn, William, High Glencairn/ Paterson, James, 34 Fore st/ Robertson, William, Glencairn st

      GAS APPLIANCE MANUFACTURES AND FITTER

Bicket, John, Queen st

      GLASS, CHINA AND EARTHENWARE DEALERS

Davies, James, 6 Portland st, and 63 King st/ McAllister, Rosina, 7 Portland st/ Moore, Archibald, 4 King st/ Pennington, Samuel, Green st

      GROCERS & SPIRIT DEALERS (marked thus * are also wine merchants)

* Aitken & Paton, 24 King st/ Anderson, John, Kilmaurs/ Bowie, John, 21 Cheapside/ * Brown & Howie, 83 & 85 King st/ Brown, David, Kilmaurs/ Campbell, Thomas, 87 King st/ Dickie, James, Kilmaurs/ Dinning, James, Kilmaurs/ Findlay, William, 29 King st/ * Forrest, William, 2 Portland st/ Gilchrist, Daniel, 10 Nelson st/ Glass, James, 17 Glencairn st/ Harper, Andrew, 12 Bank st/ Howie, John, Strand st/ Lamberton, John, Kilmaurs/ Lambroughton, John, Kilmaurs/ * McLean, James, 11 Portland st/ Mair, Alexander (grocer & meal dealer), 43 Titchfield st/ Morton, John, Grange st/ Muir, John, 12 West Shaw st/ Neill, Matthew jnr, Glencairn square/ * Orr, John, 20 King st/ Paton, Hugh, 5 Regent st, Cross/ Paton, Robert, Cross/ * Rankin, Wm. & Son, 30 King st/ Reid, David, 69 King st/ * Reid, Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside/ Robertson, William, 62 Portland st/ Stevenson, Alexander, 47 King st/ * Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st/ Stewart, John, Bank st/ Taylor, James, Portland st/ Taylor, Peter (grocery & meal), 1 Bank st/ Thomson, Mary (grocery and meal), 17 Titchfield st/ Walker, John, 25 King st/ Walker, Thomas, Dunlop st/ * Wallace, Wm. & Co, 55 Portland st

      HAIR DRESSERS

Andrews, Wm. (& perinmer), 84 King st/ Hill, George, 72 King st/ McGregor, John, Croft st/ Reid, James, 4 Fore st/ Smith, William, Croft st

      HATTERS

Eaton, William, 38 Fore st/ Gibson, Alex & Co, 39 Portland st/ Thomson, John & William (& manufacturers), 5 King st/ Waugh, Wm. (& manufacturer), 37 King st

      HOSIERS

Anderson, James, 110 King st/ Borland, John, Titchfield st/ Brown, John, 26 King st/ Kenmuir, Andrew, 39 King st/ Ranken, Janet, 57 King st/ Robertson, Robert (manufacturer) 73 King st

      HOT PRESSERS

Osbourne, Geo. Moore, 69 Titchfield st/ Wilson, Alexander, Titchfield st

      INNS & POSTING HOUSES

Black Bull (commercial), Alexander Murdock, 16 Portland st George (commercial), Robert Gardner, Portland st Turf (commercial), Agnes Dinning, Cheapside

      IRON FOUNDERS

Finnie and Guthrie, Kilmarnock Foundry, Townholm/ Rogers and Blair, Low Glencairn

      IRONMONGERS

Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross/ Finnie, Archibald, Market lane/ McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st/ Miller and Donald (and wholesale manufacturers of reaping hooks), 8 Portland st/ Stewart, Thomas and Sons (and hinge and lock manufacturers), 15 Regent st, Cross

      LIBRARIES

Crawford, Hugh & Son (circulating), 2 King st/ Mathie, James (circulating), 1 King st/ Subscription, 18 Cheapside - James Rankin, librarian

      LINEN & WOOLLEN DRAPERS AND HABERDASHERS

Aitken, Andrew, 27 Portland st/ Chrystal, James, 46 Portland st/ Craig, Hugh, 29 King st/ Ferguson, John, 70 King st/ Fulton, John and Son, 13 King st/ Gregory & Stevenson, 48 King st/ Gregory, Thomas & Co, 12 Portland st/ Halbert, George, 20 Portland st/ Hamilton, John, 10 King st/ Sharp, James, 39 Portland st/ Smith, James, 9 King st/ Smith, John, 28 Portland st/ Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st/ Taylor, William, 57 Portland st/ Watt, John, Cheapside/

      MACHINE MAKERS

Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st/ Morton, Thomas (inventor of the 3-pile Brussels and other carpet machines, & of the ten patterns), Morton place/ Stevenson, Humphrey, East George

      MALTSTERS

Paxton, George, Richard land/ Thomson, John, Grange st

      MESSENGERS

Browning, James, 79 King st/ Wilson, James, 23 King st

 

MILLINERS AND DRESS MAKERS

Brown, Margaret, 14 Bank st/ Brown, Mary and Margaret, 79 King st/ Cady, Mrs., 83 King st/ Duncan, Ann, 86 Portland st/ Galbraith, Elizabeth, Queen st/ Gibson, Catherine, Langland st/ Laurie, Jane, 39 Boyd st/ McLelland, Jane, Langland st/ Morton, Mary & Sister, 23 Portland st/ Muir, Martha, Queen st/ Murray, Eliza, 22 King st/ Smith, Margaret, 8 Waterloo st/ Tassie & Hardie, Green st/ Taylor, Elizabeth, 79 King st/ Young, Isabella, 2 Waterloo st

      MILLWRIGHTS

Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st/ Lauder, Hugh, Menford lane/ Richmond, John, Titchfield st

      NAIL MAKERS

Bell, John, Kilmaurs/ Cuthbertson, William, Langland st/ Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross/ Finnie, Archibald, Market lane/ McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st/ Miller & Donald, 8 Portland st/ Stewart, Thomas & Sons, 15 Regent st, Cross

      NURSERY AND SEEDSMEN AND FLORISTS (See also Seedsmen - Wholesale)

Christie, James & Co, Regent st, Cross/ Dykes, John, 14 King st/ Fowlds, & Lymburn, Flower Bank Nursery, and 36 Portland st/ Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside

      PAINTERS

Fleming, William, 44 King st/ Reid, John, 22 Cheapside/ Reid, William Pattison (and spirit dealer), 34 Portland st/ Robertson, James, Clerk lane

      PAPER MANUFACTURERS

Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent cross

      PAWNBROKERS

Miller, Alexander & Co, 29 King st

      PHYSICIANS

Borland, John, 97 King st/ Paxton, John, 101 King st/ Reed, James, Braehead/ Walker, Robert, 64 King st

      PLASTERERS

Dunsmore & Patton, Langland st/ McClure, John, Clark st

      PLUMBERS

Bicket & Reid, (& lead merchants), Queen st/ Brown, Charles, 20 Waterloo st/ Lawson, John, (& lead merchant), 33 & 37 Portland st/ Reid, Thomas, Wellington st

      PRINTERS

Crawford, Hugh & Son, Cross/ Mathie, Jas. (& lithographer), 1 King st/ Nelson, Robert, 18 King st

      PROFESSORS

Boyd, Adam (music), 79 King st/ Macready, Angelo (languages), 1 Cheapside/ Macready, Wm. (drawing), 1 Cheapside/ Tunnock, William (portrait painter), 2 Grange st

      ROPE AND TWINE MAKERS

Campbell, William, West Langland st/ Thomson, Thomas, George st

      SADDLERS AND HARNESS MAKERS

McChesney, William, 42 King st/ Mutter, George, 31 Portland st/ Stevenson, James, 3 King st

      SEEDSMEN - WHOLESALE

Fowlds, Alexander & Co, 17 King st/ Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside

      SHAWL & PLAID MANUFCTRS (Marked thus * are also printers)

* Anderson, McGregor & Company, Mensford lane/ * Andrew, John, Wellington st/ Bicket & Young, 104 King st/ Bicket, James, Wellington st/ * Dick & Kerr, Ladeside/ * Geddes, William, Welbeck/ Laughland, Jas. sen, 6 West Shaw st/ Logan, James, Titchfield st/ * Neil, Thomas, East Shaw st/ * Templeton, Robt, Burnside printfid/ * Wardrop & Hall, Low Glencairn/ * Young, Glassford and Co, East Shaw st

      SHOPKEEPERS & DEALERS IN SUNDRIES

Adam, Elizabeth, 40 Hgh Glencairn st/ Aird, Andrew, 41 Titchfield st/ Aitken, Agnes, Fore st/ Auld, William, 60 Titchfield st/ Borland, Thomas, Low Glencairn st/ Bowman, Robert, High Glencairn st/ Bruce, Alexander, 19 Back st/ Buchanan, John, Welbeck st/ Burnet, William, Fore st/ Cameron, John, Fore st/ Clark, John, Langland st/ Cunningham, John, Riccarton/ Findlay, Alexander, 40 King st/ Fisher, Robert & Co, Riccarton/ Fulton, Hugh, 4 Boyd st/ Gibson, Walter, Langland st/ Henderson, John, Dean lane/ Lymburn, James, 76 King st/ McAloine, George, Robertson place/ McCloy, John, 23 Regent st/ McCrone, Alexander, Robertson place/ McIndoe, Robinson, Wellington st/ McLaren, Sarah, 120 King st/ McLelland, William, Langland st/ McPhail, Daniel, 1 Soulis st/ Manson, William, Titchfield st/ Miller, James, High Glencairn st/ Miller, James, 65 Fore st/ Mitchell, Janet, Glencairn square/ Morton, George, 32 Fore st/ Muir, James, 63 Fore st/ Neill, John, 10 High Glencairn st/ Nisbet, John, Riccarton/ Pride, Margaret, Strand st/ Quigley, Sarah, 65 Fore st/ Richmond, John, 9 Low Glencairn st/ Rodman, Wm., 24 Low Glencairn st/ Roome, George, 11 High st/ Steadman, James, 38 High st/ Stewart, Agnes, Clark st/ Stewart, Wm., 22 Low Glencairn st/ Young, Andrew, 18 Back st

      SINGEING WORKS

McColl, Solomon, West Shaw st/ Robertson, Widow, Burnside

      SKINNERS

Crooks, Adam (& fellmngr) 7 Soulis st/ Crooks, James, Ladeside/ Crooks, Robert, Ladeside/ Dalziel, James, High st/ Goudie, James, Sandbed/ Grayham, David, 18 Soulis st/ Mair, Jane, 25 Soulis st/ Orr, Peter, Townholm/ Parton, John, Oldfast/ Porteous, Alexander, 27 High st/ Porteous, John, Townholm

      SLATERS

Brown, James, Langland st/ McReath, James, Mill lane

       STONE MASONS

Barkley, John,  Soulis st/ Boyd, Robert,  Kilmaurs/ Howie & Brown, Bridge st, King st/ Ramsey, William James and David,  Kilmaurs road/ Tait, James & Co.  Kilmaurs road/ Wallace, John,  Dunlop st/ Wilson, John,Kilmaurs road

      STONE MERCHANTS

Brown, Robert,  Kilmaurs/ Brown, Robert,  Brougham place/ Craig, Matthew, Dean quarry/ Langmuir, Gabriel,  Kilmaurs/ Raeburn, Robert,  Kilmaurs

      STRAW HAT MAKERS

Adam, Isabella, 18 Waterloo st/ Aitken, Margaret, 20 Cheapside/ Black, Sarah, East George st/Blair, Janet, 50 Portland st/ Lamey, Rosina, George st/ Wallace, Elizabeth, 114 King st/ Watson, Agnes, Queen st/ Young, Isabella & Sister, 30 King st

      SURGEONS

Aitken, James, 42 Portland st/ Crooks, John, 23 Bank st/ Guthrie, James, 67 King st/ Hood, Alexander, 19 King st/ Kalley, Robert Reid, 80 Portland st/ Laurie, John, Portland st/ Miller, John, 77 King st/ Paxton, John, 101 King st/ Sloan, John, Kilmaurs/ Smith, Hugh, Bank st/ Stevens, James, 6 King st/ Thomson, James, 82 King st/ Walker, Robert, 64 King st/ Whitelaw, Alexander, Mill lane/ Young, Robert, 58 Portland st

      TAILORS (Marked thus * are clothiers)

* Adam, Andrew, 10 Portland st/ Allan, William, Cheapside/ Brown, Alexander, 30 High Glencairn st/ Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs/ Dunlop, Alexander, 9 Portland st/ Gibb, Robert, Croft st/ Granger, John, 63 King st/ Harper, James, 2 Regent st, Cross/ Hunter, John, 73 King st/ Irvine, Andrew, West Shaw st/ Kelly, John, Riccarton/ * Lymburn & Hamilton, 19 Portland st/ McCubben, Thomas, Cheapside/ McGammon, John, Strand st/ McGill, Robert, Titchfield st/ McKay, Adam, Market lane/ McLaughland, Alexander, Robertson pl/ Macready, Matthew, 1 Cheapside/ * McWinnie, John & Son, 35 King st/ Manson, John, Titchfield/ Mitchell, Ebenezer, 84 Portland st/ Parker, John, 60 Portland st/ Paterson, James, 10 Portland st/ Saddler, Robert, 70 King st/ Shannon, Edward, Regent st/ Stewart, James, Kilmaurs/ * Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st/ Templeton, Robert, Kilmaurs

      TALLOW CHANDLERS

Crooks, James, 22 Portland st/ Tomlinson, Jas., 2 Cheapside & Back la

      TANNERS

Aitken, James, Town head/ Bishop, Robert, Town head/ Colvil, John (and leather dresser), Titchfield st/ Crooks, James, Lade side/ Cumming, William & Sons (and tawers), 9 Soulis st/ Orr, Peter, Townholm/ Porteous, John, Townholm

      TOBACCO MANUFACTURERS

Brown, James & Son, 4 Portland st/ Grieve, Robert & Son, 24 Portland st/ Johnson, John, 7 Cheapside/ Weir, James, 18 Portland st

      TURNERS AND WHEEL MAKERS

McKerrow, William, 63 King st/ Robertson, Thomas, Regent st/ Russell, Alexander, Portland st

      UPHOLSTERS (See also Cabinet Makers)

Muir, William, 47 Portland st

      VICTUALLERS

Brown, Hugh, 52 Portland st/ Gray, John, 3 Waterloo st/ Kenneth, Andrew, 68 King st/ Miller, Thomas, 68 Portland st/ Mitchell, James, 78 King st/ Ramsay, John, 66 Robertson place/ Smith, George, 64 Titchfield st/ Stevenson, Thomas, 45 Portland st/ Symington, Thomas, 6 Fore st/ Templeton, John, 8 Cheapside/ Weir, John, Portland st/ Wilson, William, 20 Bank st

      VINTERS

Aird, Charles, 30 Boyd st/ Allen, Andrew, (Buck's Head), 11 Regent st/ Anderson, Thomas, 82 Portland st/ Arnot, John, Grange st/ Auld, John, Strand st/ Baird, Janet, Dean st/ Barr, Hugh, 6 George st/ Blair, William, 7 Waterloo st/ Boyd, Robert, Kilmaurs/ Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs/ Brown, Thomas, 55 King st/ Calderwood, William, 9 Regent st/ Campbell, George, Riccarton/ Campbell, John, Portland st/ Cooper, Peter, (Sun), 29 King st/ Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs/ Dalgleish, James (and horse hirer), 19 Cheapside/ Ferguson, John, 34 Langland st/ Findlay, George, 47 Grange st/ Galt, Janet, (Commercial Inn), Croft st/ Gardner, John, Market lane/ Hamilton, Hugh, Regent st/ Harvie, Thomas, Kilmaurs/ Hiddly, Thomas, Riccarton/ Howat, Hugh, Riccarton/ Inglis, George, Green st/ Johnston, Mary, (Burn's Tavern), Low Glencairn st/ Kennedy, William, 95 King st/ Kerr, Margaret, Kilmaurs/ Kirkland, John, Grange st/ Kiteley, John, 114 King st/ Kiteley, Samuel, Fore st/ Latta, James, East Shaw st/ Lennard, Peter, Fore st/ Loudon, John, Kilmaurs/ McCulley, John, Fore st/ McCulley, William, Low Glencairn/ McGill, William, 27 Fore st/ McGoven, James, 10 regent st/ McGregor, John, 20 High st/ McMichael, Duncan, Strand st/ Mathieson, Edward, Welbeck st/ Mitchell, John, (Angel), Market lane/ Montgomerie, James, Kilmaurs/ Moore, David, Riccarton/ Morton, John, Riccarton/ Muir, Mary, Riccarton/ Oliver, Andrew, Market lane/ Parker, Ninian, Waterloo st/ Parker, Robert, New Bridge/ Paton, Jane, 10 George st/ Paton, John, 101 King st/ Pinkerton, John, Back st/ Richardson, John, 16 Bank st/ Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs/ Robb, Jas., (Wheat Sheaf), Croft st/ Roxburgh, William, 2 Soulis st/ Seward, Thomas, Clerk lane/ Shank, Robert, Grange st/ Sheden, Lewis, Riccarton/ Smith, David, 8 Waterloo st/ Smith, James, 35 High st/ Smith, John, Kilmaurs/ Smith, Moses, Sandbed/ Steele, John, (Sun), Green st/ Steele, William, Kilmaurs/ Stevens, Hugh, Market lane/ Stevenson, John, Market lane/ Stewart, Thomas, 16 Waterloo st/ Symington, Isabella, 1 Regent st/ Thomson, David, Glencairn square/ Thomson, Hugh, Kilmaurs/ Weir, Thomas, Croft st/ Wilson, John, 12 Waterloo st/ Worland, Robert, 24 Fore st/ Young, Jas., (Star), 2 Regent st, Cross 

WATCH & CLOCK MAKERS

Alexander, Dav. Crichton, 8 King st/ Breckenridge, Alexander, Market la/ Kennedy, Thomas (and jeweller and gun maker), 1 Portland st/ Law, David, 1 Croft st/ Thomson, George (and jeweller and silversmith), 14 Portland st

      WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS

Calderwood, Williem, 9 Regent st/ Dreghorn, Hugh (retail) 6 Cheapside/ Forrest, William, 2 Portland st/ Orr, John, 20 King st/ Rankin, William & Son, 30 King st/ Reid, Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside/ Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st/ Wallace, Wm & Co 55 Portland st/ Wright, John, 101 King st

      WOOL SPINNERS

Blackwood, Robt. & Jas. Menford la/ Brown, James, Brae side/ Wyllie, William, Welbesk st

      WRITERS (Marked thus * are also Notaries, and thus # Procurators)

* Alison, Robert, Market lane/ #* Anderson, David Ramsay, Portland st/ #* Borland, Thomas, 83 King st/ Brown, John, 9 Portland st/ * Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall, King st/ #* Dykes, Thomas, 54 Portland st/ #* Kay, David, 6 King st/ #* Mason, Hugh, East George st/ Sturrock, John, 47 Portland st/ Torrance, John, 44 Portland st

      MISCELLANEOUS

Aitken, Wm., veter surgeon, Theatre close/ Alexander, Chas., leather seller, 50 King st/ Anderson, Wm., session clerk, Dunlop st/ Ballantyne, Chas., carver &c, 44 Portland st/ Bowie, Jane, muslin printer and baby linen manufacturer, 17 Portland st/ Brown, Jane, stay maker, 73 King st/ Bunting, Robert, accountant, Clarke st/ Christie, Robt., pattern drawer, 101 King st/ Cooper, James, brush maker, 20 High st/ Cowan, Charles, dealer in bottled ale and porter, Croft head/ Dickson, Wm., umbrella maker, 53 King st/ Dinning, John, corn miller, Kilmaurs/ Donald, Robert,  jeweller, 9 Cheapside/ Eldred, Edgar, supervisor, Hunters hill/ Hamilton, Hugh,  timber dealer, Regent st/ Harvie, Margaret, tea dealer, 1 George st/ Hood, William, session clerk, Riccarton/ Ingram, James, architect, Guard lane/ Mack, Thomas, reed maker and dealer linen cloth, thread &c, 2 Titchfield st/ Moffat, John, linen cloth & thread dealer, 30 Titchfield st/ Montgomerie, Wm., town officer, Kilmaurs/ Nicol, John, tea dealer, Croft st/ Owens, Joseph, edge tool maker, David's lane/ Peden, John, coach maker, 7 Bank st/ Petrie, David, general dealer, Grange st/ Ralston, William, flax dresser, Kilmaurs/ Reid, Matthew, spade and shovel manufacturer, Town head/ Stevens, Hugh, snuff-box maker, Market lane/ Stevenson, Robert, glazier, College lane/ Stewart, James, cork cutter, Regent st/ Taylor, John, salt dealer, Kilmaurs/ Thomson, John, toy dealer &c., 21 King st/

      PUBLIC BUILDINGS, OFFICES, &c

Places of Worship

Low Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson High Church - Rev Andw. Hamilton New Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson Established Church, Kilmaurs - Rev John Roxburgh Relief Church, King street - Rev William M Dougall Burghers' Original, Wellington street - Rev Peter Campbell United Secession, Fulton's lane - Rev George Lawson United Secession, Clerk lane - Rev David Wilson United Secession Church, Kilmaurs - Rev David Robertson Reformed Presberty, Mill lane - Rev Adam Brown Independent, Mill lane - Rev John Ward Riccarton Church - Rev John Moody and Rev Peter Thomson

Coffee Rooms, 7 Portland st Commercial Reading Rooms, 9 Portland st Excise Office, George Inn - Edgar Eldrod, supervisor Gas Works, Park Street - James Stirling, manager, Humpry Stevenson, treasurer Philosophical Institution - John Miller, president, Archibald Finnie, treasurer, John Torrance, secretary Stamp Office, 13 King st - John Fulton, distributor Tax Office, 2 Titchfield st - John Wyllie, surveyor Town's Buildings, King St - Douglas and Hamilton, town clerks, William Blane, superintendant of police

      COACHES

To Ardrossan, the "Ayrshire Lass", from the Turf Inn, every morning at eight, and the "Time- Keeper", every afternoon at four, both go through Irvine, Kilwinning and Saltcoats

To Ayr, the "Royal Mail" (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; the "Telegraph", from the same Inn, every morning at half past nine; the "Defiance" (from Glasgow), calls at the Black Bull, every afternoon at a quarter past one; the "Marques of Hastings" (from Edinburgh), calls at the Sun, every afternoon at a quarter past three; and an omnibus, from the Angel Inn, every morning at half past eight

To Carlisle - see  London

To Edinburgh, the "Marques of Hastings" (from Ayr), calls at the Sun, every morning at a quarter past nine

To Glasgow, the "Royal Mail" (from Portpatrick), calls at the George Inn, every night at half past eleven; the "Telegraph", from the same Inn, every morning at eight and afternoon at a quarter past four - both go through Fenwick; the "Britannic", from the Black Bull and Commercial Inns, every morning at seven; the "Defiance" (from Ayr), calls at the same Inns, every morning at a quarter past eleven; and the "Perserverance" from the Commercial and Mr Young's office, Cross, every morning at half past seven and eleven and afternoon at four

To London (by Carlisle), the "Independant" (from Glasgow) calls at the Turf Inn every morning at half past eight; goes through Mauchline, Catrine, Cumnock Sanquhar, Thornhill, Dumfries and Annan

To Newmilns & Galston, a car, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday afternoon at five

To Portpatrick, the "Royal Mail", (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; goes through Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Kirkoswald, Ballantrae and Stranmer

To Saltcoats, see Ardrossan

To Troon, the "Kilmarnock" from Regent street, every morning at ten; and omnibusses, from the George Inn, every forenoon at eleven and evening at eight - during the summer season only.

      CARRIERS

To Ayr, John Cuthbert, from the Commercial Inn, daily, Mrs Dalziel, from the Angel Inn, every Mon, Wed & Sat and Thomas Frew, every Tues & Fri

To Beith, James Love, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday

To Castle Douglas, Thomas Wallat from the Commercial Inn, and David McClure, from the Wheat Sheaf, alternately, every Friday

To Catrine, Francis Blaine, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri

To Cross Hill, Robert Richie, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday

To Cumnock, William Beard, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, and John Kerr, every Wednesday & Saturday; Mrs Byran, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday; and John Ferguson, from the Black Bull, every Saturday

To Darvel, James Wilson, from N Parker's, Waterloo street, daily

To Dumfries, J & W Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Wednesday & Saturday, and Thomas Ferguson, from the Black Bull every Saturday

To Dunlop, Henry Frew, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday

To Edinburgh, John Steadman, from Gunlop Street, every Monday

To Galston, - Robertson, from Mrs Symington's, Cross, daily

To Girvan, Robert Hannah, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday

To Glasgow, Andrew Mackin, from Green Street, and James & Charles Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and Js Robinson George St, Mon & Thurs

To Irvine, George Willock, from the Commercial Inn, daily

To Mauchline, Andrew Gibson, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and William Wallace, every Tuesday and Friday

To Maybole, John Dunn, every Fri

To New Cumnock, James Campbell and John Campbell, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday

To Newmilns, John Howie, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Fri

To Newton-Stewart, William McClure and Hugh Steel, from the Wheat Sheaf, every alternate Friday

To Ochiltree & Cumnock, Mrs Bryan, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday, and James McCrae, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday

To Paisley, William Russell, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday and Saturday, and John Stevenson, from Market lane, every Mon and Thursday

To Paisley and Glasgow, James Whitford, from Kilmaurs, twice a week

To Saltcoats, John Banks, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri

To Stewarton, Alexander Picken, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and George Smith, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Friday

To Strathaven, Robert Taylor, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday

To Torbolton, John Highet, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Tuesday and Friday, and Andrew Fisher, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday

To Troon, Thomas Cuthbertson, from Strand street, daily.

                                  

 

 

   

 

 

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